English - Greek Dictionary:

american

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The definition of word "american":
+1 rate 1. n, (adj) - (a person) of or from the continents of South or North America, esp. the US He said he was proud to be an American. They drive a big American car. If something is as American as apple pie, it is considered to be typical of America or Americans. Leather jackets are as American as apple pie and Harley- Davidsons. The American dream is the belief that everyone in the US has the chance to be successful, rich and happy if they work hard. American football (US football) is a game for two teams of eleven players in which an oval ball is moved along the field by running with it or throwing it. Points are scored by moving the ball across the line at the end of the field or by kicking it between two posts. An American Indian is a Native American. See at native.
rate 2. anagram cinerama
rate 3. in full American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations; United States federation of labour unions formed in 1955 by the merger of the AFL and the CIO. The AFL was founded in 1886 as a loose federation of craft unions under the leadership of Samuel Gompers. Member unions retained autonomy and received protection of their workers and jurisdiction over a certain industrial territory. The CIO was founded in 1935 as the Committee for Industrial Organization by a splinter group of AFL unions whose leaders believed in organizing skilled and unskilled workers across entire industries; at its first convention in 1938, it adopted its current name and elected John L. Lewis president. For two decades the AFL and CIO were bitter rivals for the leadership of the United States labour movement, but they formed an alliance in the increasingly conservative, antilabour climate of the postwar era and in 1955 they merged under the leadership of George Meany. AFL-CIO membership reached 17 million in the late 1970s but declined from the 1980s as the United States manufacturing sector shrank. AFL-CIO activities include recruiting and organizing members, conducting educational campaigns and supporting political candidates and legislation deemed beneficial to labour.
rate 4. American Association of Retired Persons
rate 5. American Broadcasting Co.
rate 6. Arabian American Oil Company
rate 7. American Standard Code for Information Interchange.
rate 8. North American Free Trade Agreement
rate 9. Afro Caribbean Afro Brazilian and Afro American religions
rate 10. American Airlines
rate 11. American Anti Slavery Society
rate 12. American Ballet Theatre
rate 13. American Bar Association
rate 14. American Civil Liberties Union
rate 15. American Civil War
rate 16. American Express Co.
rate 17. American Fur Co.
rate 18. American Indian
rate 19. Native American
rate 20. American Indian languages
rate 21. American Indian Movement
rate 22. American Indian religions North
rate 23. American Indian religions South
rate 24. American Labor Party
rate 25. American League
rate 26. American Legion
rate 27. American Medical Association
rate 28. American Motors Corp.
rate 29. American Museum of Natural History
rate 30. American Protective Association
rate 31. American Renaissance
rate 32. American Revolution
rate 33. American Saddlebred
rate 34. American Saddle Horse
rate 35. American Samoa
rate 36. Territory of American Samoa
rate 37. American Stock Exchange
rate 38. American System of manufacture
rate 39. American aloe
rate 40. Daughters of the American Revolution
rate 41. Early American furniture
rate 42. American Volunteer Group
rate 43. House Un American Activities Committee
rate 44. Inter American Development Bank
rate 45. American Party
rate 46. Latin American arts
rate 47. Mexican American War
rate 48. Native American Church
rate 49. Native American arts
rate 50. Organization of American States
rate 51. Pan American Sports Games
rate 52. Pan American World Airways Inc.
rate 53. Pan American Highway
rate 54. Pan American Union
rate 55. Philippine American War
rate 56. Scientific American
rate 57. Spanish American War
rate 58. American Federation of Labor Congress of Industrial Organizations
rate 59. British American Tobacco PLC
rate 60. British American Tobacco Company Ltd. 1902–76
rate 61. Latin American Integration Association
rate 62. Latin American Free Trade Association LAFTA;
rate 63. Religious beliefs and practices of the indigenous peoples of North America. They are characterized by a conviction that spirit moves through all things, animate and inanimate and that the living are intimately connected with the souls of the dead. They discover recognizable beings in the natural world of animals, plants and trees, as well as in natural features such as mountains, lakes and clouds. Because North American religions were so highly localized, it is impossible to determine how many have existed and their beliefs have varied widely. Whereas Iroquois elders speak of a perfectly wise and good Creator who planned the universe, the Koyukon envision the creator as Raven, a trickster god who is only one of many powerful spirits. Whereas nearly all Navajo ceremonies are performed on behalf of individuals in response to specific needs, most Pueblo ceremonies are performed communally and scheduled according to the cycles of nature. However, all native North American religions share certain features: ancestral lands and locally sacred spots are important; access to some knowledge is restricted and initiation is required to acquire it; kinship obligations are central; the oral tradition includes narratives that record human interaction with nonhuman powers; and generosity is a religious act. Contact with Europeans led to development of new religious movements, including the Ghost Dance tradition and the Native American Church.
rate 64. Religious beliefs and practices of the indigenous peoples of South America. The ancient Andean civilizations of the Chimu and the Inca had highly developed religions. The Inca religion combined complex ceremonies, animistic beliefs, belief in objects having magical powers, nature worship and sun worship. The Incas built monumental temples, occupied by priests and Chosen Women. Priests conducted divination and sacrifices were offered on every important occasion. Human sacrifice was offered when the need was extreme. In present-day South America, as many as 1,500 distinct native cultures have been described and religious beliefs vary greatly. Creation mythologies are of major importance, often describing the origin of the first world and its fate as well as the creation and destruction of subsequent worlds. Ceremonial initiation into adulthood is widely practiced, both for males and females, with the initiation ceremony often acting out events from the dawn of creation. Initiations are also used to mark the ascent of individuals into positions of religious authority, with priests, diviners and spirit mediums playing special roles. The shaman specializes in inducing states of ecstasy, controlling the passage of the soul out of and back into the body. Ritual fires, musical instruments (especially the rattle), esoteric languages and sacred songs may be used in a theatrical performance designed to demonstrate the shaman's command of invisible powers. Christianity has come to be a strong component of folk belief among many native peoples, but it continues to be interpreted in the light of local tradition and elements of traditional religion continue to survive.
rate 65. American Volunteer Group; Group of United States civilian volunteer pilots recruited by Col. Claire Chennault to fight the Japanese in Burma (Myanmar) and China in 1941–42. Surprise, mobility, precision flying and unorthodox tactics enabled the Tigers to outwit the Japanese and inflict considerable damage on their air and ground forces.
rate 66. American Party; United States political party of the 1850s. The party's precursor organization, the secret Order of the Star-Spangled Banner, was formed in New York City in 1849 from the anti-immigrant and anti-Roman Catholic movement and lodges were soon established in other major cities. Members were instructed to reply to queries about their group with "I know nothing." As its membership and importance grew in the 1850s, the group slowly shed its clandestine character and took the official name American Party. The party called for restrictions on immigration and on naturalized citizenship. Many local and state candidates won offices in the 1852 election and by 1855 there were 43 Know-Nothing members of Congress. At its 1856 convention the party split over the slavery issue; proslavery advocates left to join the Democrats and antislavery adherents joined the Republicans. By 1859 the party's influence was limited to the border states.
rate 67. Mexican-American War; (1846–48) War between the United States and Mexico. It grew from a border dispute after the United States annexed Texas in 1845; Mexico claimed that the southern border of Texas was the Nueces River, while the United States claimed it was the Rio Grande. A secret mission by John Slidell to negotiate the dispute and purchase New Mexico and California for up to $30 million was aborted when Mexico refused to receive him. In response to the snub, Pres. James Polk sent troops under Zachary Taylor to occupy the disputed land between the two rivers. In April 1846 Mexican troops crossed the Rio Grande and attacked Taylor's troops; Congress approved a declaration of war in May. Ordered to invade Mexico, Taylor captured Monterrey and defeated a large Mexican force under Antonio Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista in February 1847. Polk then ordered Gen. Winfield Scott to move his army by sea to Veracruz, capture the city and march inland to Mexico City. Scott followed the plan, meeting resistance at Cerro Gordo and Contreras and entered Mexico City in September. Under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico ceded to the United States nearly all of present New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, California, Texas and Colorado for $15,000,000 and United States assumption of its citizens' claims against Mexico. Casualties included about 13,000 American deaths, all but 1,700 of which were caused by disease. The war, which made a national hero of Taylor, reopened the slavery-extension issue supposedly settled by the Missouri Compromise.
rate 68. American aloe or maguey; Species of agave (Agave americana), of Mexico and the southwestern United States It takes many years (from five to 100) to mature, flowers only once and then dies. It is widely cultivated for its large spiny leaves and enormous flower cluster and may reach 20 ft (6 m) in height. Century plants provide the distinctive ingredient for the alcoholic drinks pulque and mescal.
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